Come on the Canterbury Katipō: on rugby, racism and bad-arse spiders

Photo: ANDREW SIMPSON. From: “Katipō coast: Farmer stoked about resurgence in NZ’s only venomous spider” (The Marlborough Express/

After the March attacks on Christchurch mosques by a white supremacist, it seemed unbelievable the city’s champion rugby team would keep its name, the Crusaders, given it explicitly honours attacks on Muslims by Christian supremacists*. But it did.

Some of the rationale was allegedly protecting the city’s Muslim community from a backlash to a name change. But some seems more about commerce, which should surely be outweighed by an attacked community’s pain.

Before this weird choice to keep being Crusaders, there were some efforts to find alternative names. None of them really grabbed me, but when I read this article today (from the The Marlborough Express) I thought of one that does: How about naming the team after our own, native, red-and-black, bad-arse warrior spider, the katipō? It already wears the team’s traditional colours.

“The Canterbury Katipō” – it even alliterates. I know you’re not supposed to use “Canterbury” in the name to avoid excluding smaller provinces the team also represents, but people do. And if not, “Come on The Katipō” still has a ring to it. In any case this excellently fierce beastie is our only venomous native spider (appropriate for our most destructive Super Rugby team), is native to and lately resurgent in the team’s region (along with other parts of NZ), and the reo Māori meaning of its name seems sufficiently staunch for a footy team: “night stinger”. A perfect summary of what generally happens to visiting teams on cold Saturday nights in Christchurch.

Also, think of the mean mascot and merch The Katipō could have.

And before anyone complains this proposal is somehow insensitive to people bitten by katipō, or whatever, a) check yo’self and b) the last confirmed lethal katipō bite was more than a century ago. Unlike the last lethal white supremacist attack.

*Sure, that might be seen as a bit of a rough nutshell description of how the Crusaders rugby team use the name, but cross-wearing, sword-wielding “knights” on horseback circling the field before games? Come on. And sure, it’s also a blunt description of the long, complex story of the Crusades. But history is always complex, and the fact remains, a central part of what happened was white Christians going to war against non-white Muslims. And another fact that remains is that people ranging from George Bush to the Christchurch gunman have drawn malign “inspiration” from that description.

UPDATE: Canterbury rugby is in the news again today for a lack of thought when it comes to representation, race and respect (“Fake afros to promote Canterbury Rugby game ‘like golliwogs and blackface'” – Further evidence that the Crusader issue is more than “just a name”? And that the Time of The Katipō has come?

A katipō from a sand dune in Marlborough. Photo: Mark Anderson

Tramping by moon, star, sun & other light (Prelude to Te Araroa tramp, and this blog; kms 0)

When I was a little kid I decided I was going to be a tramp.

That’s what long-lost and lonely wanderers are called in Britain, apparently, and maybe elsewhere; but in New Zealand tramp is usually a verb. It means: to struggle, with a sort of grim joy, over luminous lumps of the back of beyond.

With Australians, we Kiwis call tramps – as in the noun – swagmen: after their bedroll, or swag.

If we call them anything at all, that is.

These derelict, romantic figures used to roam the back roads of New Zealand, especially during the great depression. They would knock on doors and ask for food, and sometimes work.

One “swaggie” used to come to my parent’s farm, a hilly outpost on a gravel road in southern Hawke’s Bay, before I was born. He would take whatever he was given, and eat enormously.

He did a perpetual circuit, hundreds of kilometres long; that was his life.

There was a famous one in Wairarapa called Russian Jack. His real name was Barrett Crumen, according to Te Ara; and he wasn’t Russian but Latvian. There’s a statue of him in Masterton now, and someone named a wine named after him.

The figure of the swagman was especially redolent for me because Dad, an Aussie, would read to us from a lovely, darkly illustrated version of Banjo Paterson’s Waltzing Matilda. It’s an 1897 ballad about a swaggie who drowns himself, after the law comes down hard on him for stealing a sheep to fill his belly.

Sometimes Dad would sing it softly to himself while he shore his own sheep. The sheep seemed to like listening, lying back in his deft, gentle grip, and gazing into space. I’d stand by sweeping up the dags, and think about that poor old swaggie. Why did he have to die? And why did his refusal to be locked up seem so pure?

Another question is why this lament for a lonely death on the margins of polite society has become a de facto Australian anthem; but pithy as it is, I’ll not go into it just now. Except to say that when I was six or so, that violent, sweet old song sure marked the hell out of me.

Oh! There once was a swagman, camped in the Billabong
   Under the shade of a Coolibah tree; […]

And his ghost may be heard as it sings in the Billabong
   Who’ll come a-Waltzing Matilda with me?

In this way, among others, I gained a thirst for the tramping life (AKA Waltzing Matilda). Maybe by way of awkward solidarity with all swaggies, drowned or just plain left out: I’ll come a-waltzing with you, Russian Jack.

Despite this blog’s title – which I picked in a fit of whimsy and memory – I don’t plan to write on here only about tramping. Moonlit or otherwise.

I did once have a wonderful night tramp under an enormous, glowing moon, which flood-lit the Cornish clifftops.

And I do tend to wake late on a tramp, and then dawdle along looking at clouds, talking to the flora and taking many photos; which often means I finish the day’s walk by moon- or torch-light.

But those are other stories, which may be posted another time.

I might write about all sorts of things, but for my first series of posts I’ll write about starting New Zealand’s longest tramp last year: The Te Araroa trail.

That’s mainly because my friend Graham asked me to write about it, to share with our cricket team, the Bottom Paddock Cricket Club. “They’d enjoy it,” he reckoned.

They’re a loveable and quixotic bunch, so he may be right.

To get the first ball bowled, here’s a shot I took by sunset-light at the end of the first leg, which is 100 kilometres over four days, straight down the country’s longest beach to a little town called Ahipara. When I got there I had been walking for 14 hours and was in a dreamy haze of leaky blisters, leg-aches and extreme exposure to nature. In that state, what I thought was this:

With my more-than-usually-delirious Spanish, Ahipara could mean something like: “stop, there.” And I’m definitely going to do that, since, right now, I want never to walk again.

I also thought:

If, somehow, Ahipara was a word in (delirious) Spanish and Māori, it could mean: “[The place where] fire stands”.

Which, equally definitely, it does:

Ahi – “fire” in te reo Māori; [se] para – “it stands” in Spanish
The Te Araroa trail runs the whole length of the country, from Cape Reinga in the North, to the southern tip at Bluff. It means “the long pathway”, is over 3000 kilometres long, and it takes about four months if you do it in one hit.

I’m doing it in three-week sections, when I get holidays twice a year, carrying on each time where I left off. Since I started in January 2017 I’ve done 460 kilometres; tomorrow I’m setting off for the next couple of hundred. If I keep going at this pace, it’ll take me about a decade, which is fine by me; I’m in no rush.

And the long pathway isn’t going anywhere.

Te Araroa was set up a few years ago by a non-profit trust after many years of dreaming and scheming, and runs entirely on goodwill and people’s common yen for adventures.

The founders spent a long time negotiating with private landowners, government, Māori owners and others to stitch together a chain of routes through bush, parks, coastline, farms, forests and towns.

The route is designed to be fairly direct while also keeping you off the road and in the wild as much as possible and also giving you a good look at some emblematic facets of NZ.

Unavoidably, you do have to pound a bit of tar seal to get from one bit of bush or beach to the next. But it’s constantly being improved as the windmill-charging bunch in charge negotiate a bit more access, or funding for track-building, or other break-throughs.

Mostly wild and lovely as Aotearoa is, you can’t just whack a track down the middle of it. There’s a lot going on there, and a lot of conversations have had to happen so you can saunter through.

You plan your walk using maps and trail notes off the Te Araroa website. It tells you where water sources and river crossings are, where you can sleep and buy food, how long each day might take, and often some of the stories of each stretch. You need to carry a tent or bivvy bag for much of it, as well as food, a stove and so on, because you often can’t get to a hut or hostel by nightfall.

I love the idea of setting off each day, not knowing how far you’ll get, what you’ll see nor who you’ll meet on the way. As the earth turns your feet move with it; you trundle over the earth’s skin, your riches and needs on your back, a little self-contained mobile human-animal. (A humanimal.)

In my next post I’ll address the trick of getting to the remote ends of the earth, where my big walk started. (OK, to the ends of Aotearoa. Which, for me, amounts to the same thing.)


Get me to the Cape (Te Araroa tramp, day minus 1; kms 0)

The Dutch teen was in a hurry to get a feed, but that didn’t stop him making his old camper’s brakes squeak when he spotted my upraised thumb.

His smile was a little apologetic as he explained that, having come here to the far side of the world, he was not going to Kerikeri to eat the famous oranges nor the fresh snapper; he was going for Macca’s.

He also apologised for his battered, rented van.

“Any ride’s a good ride,” I said.

He was my first, on my way from Paihia in the Bay of Islands up to the tail of the fish, Cape Reinga.

It was January, 2017.

Having left my car in Paihia, the plan was to walk back to it, over a couple of weeks, down the Te Araroa trail from the Cape.

Ride no. 1 dropped me beside the main road at the Kerikeri turnoff, still smiling apologetically.

Fire, water and time

A roughed-up hatchback soon stopped.

The middle-aged driver stuck out his hand as I got in. “I’m Mike. What do you do?”

When I said I was a firefighter, he came back with: “Cool, well I’m a floor sander. Which…”

There was a pause. I waited to see what being a floor sander meant to Mike.  “Which has the same number of syllables,” he finished.

He admired my work, he said. “I couldn’t do it; hate fire. I’m always very cautious about turning things off, checking the smoke alarms, escape routes and that… might be because my star sign is associated with fire. Do you know yours?”

I didn’t. “You should look into it – I’d be interested to know how many firefighters are fire. Or water,” he said,  thoughtful.

I told him where I was going, and he said I still had a long way to go. “Yeah, I probably won’t get there today. But if not, I will tomorrow.”

“That’s exactly it, mate,” he said. “Everyone’s in such a fucking hurry. Where do they all think they’re going? We’re all going the same place.”

Dropping me off a few kilometres later, he wished me well. “We’ll probably see each other again. That’s how it works, eh.”

The most beautiful harbour 

Next was Terry, who, it turned out, was the brother of a guy I used to interview sometimes when I was a journo.

He lived on the Whangaroa harbour, north of Kaeo, and when I said I didn’t know it he said: “No, most people don’t. Yet it’s regarded as one of the most beautiful harbours in New Zealand. Or the world, actually.”

He ran a small B&B and planned to buy a boat and take tourists around his beautiful harbour. Kaeo, he informed me as we passed through it, would soon become the café and art capital of the north, if he had anything to do with it.

“People say I’m mad – I’m always scheming about something,” he said, zipping around corners in his well-travelled little car.

He dropped me at the turn-off to Whangaroa, just before a one-lane bridge, which pointed north; on the other side, I’d be bound to get a ride towards the Cape, he said.

I crossed, feeling as if I was making my way northward with very small steps.

Spirits Bay: around the corner from Cape Reinga

The beach of thirst

A gentle-voiced immigrant from South Africa soon stopped in his white, hard-working ute. “I got out of the corporate world when I met a new partner and we realised we would hardly see each other,” he said, after we’d talked a while.

“Now I’ve got a lawn-mowing business, but I’m essentially retired. It keeps me fit.”

He asked me about family, and I said I had no kids.

He said not to be in too much of a rush; kids were not all they were cracked up to be.

“Like my daughter, she’s grown up now and she doesn’t want a bar of me.”

The move to NZ was partly to blame for the split with her mother, he said. “It doesn’t help when the rand plummets just after you arrive.”

I should take a lot of water with me on Ninety Mile Beach. “I’ve been really thirsty on that beach.”

He took me around the same distance as the other lifts so far, no more than 15 minutes. Inching north, I stood outside the Cooper’s Beach 4 Square with my thumb up.

Secret knowledge

Leo was a big, dreadlocked roading contractor, who filled most of the cab of a huckery ute.

He was on his way to Whatuwhiwhi, one of many Northland places with extremely resonant names, which I was hearing for the first time. Whatuwhiwhi: like the sound of a small wave, breaking over a clump of shining kelp.

It was beautiful, he said, and still cheap. “You can get a section for 80k.” He had bought a bach a few years ago, and spent most of his free time driving from Whangarei to fix it up. “The kids moan though – no Sky, no WiFi. But I make them come.”

He told me the biggest drawback of roading was getting tested for marijuana use. Contractors had to pass one kind of test, which showed if you were impaired by use in the last eight hours; Leo said that was fair enough. But the big firms made you do another kind, which showed if you’d smoked in the last three weeks; if you had, you got the sack.

Leo said that was against human rights. “We should be allowed to take whatever we want, as long as it doesn’t impair us. Like, I don’t drink, but I could get hammered the night before work, and be useless and unsafe the next day, and no test would show it. But if I smoked weed three weeks ago, and got tested now, I’d be totally straight; but they’d still find a trace, and sack me.”

He went right out of his way to take me to Awanui, just north of Kaitaia, stopping outside the village’s only fish and chip shop. “Have you eaten?”

He insisted on paying for my dinner. When I ordered a piece of hoki, he said: “Have some hapuka too – it’s way better.” And: “What flavour thick-shake you want?”

He checked with the woman behind the counter about the quality of the shakes. “Are they real thick shakes? Do you do them properly?”

As we ate he told me he liked to read. History, mainly, and particularly about an ancient civilisation that used to inhabit what’s now Iraq. “That’s why America wanted to invade,” he said. “Because they have so many secrets about life, technology, civilisation. They had to get control of that secret knowledge.”

But no-one knew. “They only report what they want us to know.”

He read a lot while stoned, he said. “And I have all these insights. Sometimes, so I don’t forget them, I put them up on Facebook. And in the morning I’m like, what does that mean?”

But his Facebook friends had grown to like his late-night wisdom. “I say, bro, I wrote that when I was stoned. You must have been smoking up too, if you got it.”

He left me just outside Awanui, and roared off toward his bach.

Looking south from Cape Reinga at the beginning of Te Araroa

I’m not sure where I live

A tired-faced farmer with clear, innocent blue eyes took me a bit further in his beaten-up ute.

Semi-retired, he filled his days labouring for others. Today he had been digging drains. “Otherwise, what would you do with all your spare time?” he asked, shrugging.

He was intrigued about how I came to be hitching around Northland at the age of 42. It seemed strange to him, but there was something about it he liked.

As he dropped me off, at a crossroads called Waiharara in the middle of rolling, empty farmland, he pointed out a house across a nearby paddock.

“That’s me. Well, it’s actually my daughter’s house,” he said.

“My missus and I, we’ve just sort of split up. So I’m not sure where I’m living at the moment.”

I got out, I wished him well and thanked him for the ride. “Nah nah, you too,” he said. “You’re a nice guy.”

A warning

Bridie was kind and motherly in her clean, compact green car. She wasn’t sure what to make of my late-evening hitching.

She took me another few minutes north, to Pukenui. It was getting late, she said, and I should think about camping at the campground there.

“If you try hitching a bit further, and someone offers to take you only as far as Te Kao, say no – they’re not very friendly up there.” She pressed her lips together.

Te Kao: Even the name sounded forbidding to me. But I took her counsel with a bit of salt; Bridie seemed to have a bit of history with Te Kao.

An invitation

I bought some whisky and water in Pukenui, at the last store heading north, then thumbed a ride with Jo, a school teacher. She was only going to the next settlement, Ngataki, in her crumpled white sedan, but it was better than standing around in the gathering dusk.

She was relaxed, capable and cheerful; she loved the north, she loved her job. “Come and stay with us if you get stuck. We’re just down this road.”

She dropped me at the gravelled corner.

The day’s last dog 

There were hardly any cars now; I was tossing up between looking for Jo’s house, or curling up in my bivvie bag under a tree, when an expensive-looking black ute slammed to a stop.

A mill worker, who didn’t tell me his name, said it was the bank’s, really.

“My last one got stolen. It was better. But now my payments are smaller.”

He was going to Te Kao. But not only did he belie the shadow of unfriendliness Bridie had cast over his home, he felt sure I’d get a ride from there for the last half hour or so up to the Cape.

He’d spotted a rental car go by as I was getting in, and sped to pass it and get far enough ahead so that I’d have time to thumb it down after he dropped me off.

The mill was good. “Hard work and the pay’s shit, but it’s better than being on the roads.”

He drove hard, fast and well, and dropped me off just beyond Te Kao. “Good luck. Those tourists’ll take you.”

A few minutes after he’d roared off, I saw the bright green rental coming; I raised my thumb. But the tourists just gazed at me and swept by in the gathering gloom, the pale ovals of their faces cool, serene, impassive.

The same went for the next half-dozen cars.

A decrepit dog with the hint of a crazed glint in his eye slunk sideways toward me, balls dangling.

He’d obviously had a tough life, and I wanted to be friendly. But he did look slightly demented. And I didn’t want potential rides thinking I came with a canine.

I chased the lonely dog away.

It was all but dark, and there was no moon yet, and I gave up. I wasn’t getting to the Cape tonight. I knocked on one of Te Kao’s few front doors to ask if I could camp in a paddock.

A tall, muscular man with long hair, movie star looks and wearing only a towel eventually came to the door. He listened with a neutral expression to my situation. “Camp about a ‘k’ down the road – that’s the place that’s been set aside for trampers. You won’t miss it, it’s by the river.”

I tramped along, finding my rhythm on the tar seal. But before I got to the river my last ride arrived.

The last house in New Zealand

Phyllis, a young mum in a tidy four wheel drive, told me she’d take me to the last settlement before the Cape, Waitiki, where there was a campground. “You’ll easily get a ride from there in the morning.”

But first, she said, I’d have to come with her while she picked up some mower blades from her mum – if she could find her. “She’s not home, and not answering her phone.”

The first place we looked was a three-walled shed with a bar, fridges, arm chairs and an outdoor barbecue area. It turned out to be a kind of elaborate person-cave for shepherds from Te Paki station.

“Lucy! Stop being hoha!” bawled one of them at a huge dog, which barked mightily at me when I got out for a look.

“Kia ora bro,” said another shepherd. “Just touring around eh?”

Phyllis’s mum was at a nearby house. She handed over the blades and we were off to Waitiki.

On the way, Phyllis said that in the morning, I’d pass her and her husband’s home, just north of there.

“It’s the first or last house in New Zealand, depending how you look at it.”

She often picked up hitchhikers heading to or from the Cape. “My mum says, when are you going to stop picking up tourists? But I think, if it was me in another country, I’d want to get picked up.

“People think it might be dangerous, with being a woman and that.

“But I don’t think anyone would do anything, not up here.”

There did seem to be something different in the air up here, with the low, scrubby, ocean-hemmed hills rolling by.

She told me the names of each of the iwi-owned stations as we barrelled past their boundaries, invisible in the dark. “That’s the end of Te Paki… this is Paua station…”

The farms had gradually been returned to the five Far North iwi since they negotiated a Treaty settlement, she said.

“It’s all back in our hands now… it wasn’t perfect, but if we didn’t accept the settlement we might have had to wait another hundred years.”

There was one station still owned by a Pakeha family, who had had it since colonial times. They had refused to sell, she said. “Their land goes right down to Ninety Mile Beach and they have a bach there. They like it here too, they want to stay… we get on OK with them.”

It was good having the land back, and with it not just jobs and income, but also mana.

“But some of us still go away for work – my family goes out on oil rigs.” An uncle was on a rig off Singapore. “He likes it – the money’s good.”

She said she liked the idea of the walk, and thought it was good that people came to see the special place where she lived. “But they don’t always respect it. There are caves up there, by the Cape, where people were buried a long time ago. We tell them not to go in there, but we know they do. And we think OK, that’s your problem – if you want to mess around with tapu…”

She dropped me off at the Waikiki campground, and we exchanged names as we shook hands in farewell.

“That was my Gran’s name,” I said. “And you’re the only other Phyllis I’ve ever met.” She smiled, composed and gentle.

I lay down in my bivvy bag under a tree and slept like the journeying dead.

The end, or the beginning

Soon after sun-up a retired Pentecostal pastor who’d stayed nearby in a caravan with his wife came to say hello as I brewed coffee. “We’re going up to the Cape after breakfast,” he said. “We can take you.”

The landscapes rolling by in the early morning sunlight seemed spooky to me: low hills jumbled together at strange angles, covered in crouching, dark scrub.

The tar-seal road wended its way through them like a sophisticated intruder.

Finally, I was there: the start of the trail, the end of the country.

It’s a moving place. It’s sacred for Māori: legend says here is where the spirits of the dead move from this world to the next.

It had been a tricky, long, tiring and piecemeal journey. On the way, standing in hot sun on desolate roadsides while sporadic traffic hammered by and travellers gazed at me with disdain or indifference, I sometimes wished I’d taken a simpler option.

I could have driven to Kaitaia and paid $35 for a seat on a tour bus. I would have been at the lighthouse by yesterday afternoon.

But this way felt right somehow – as if finally reaching the top of your country after 42 years should not be a straightforward task.

As if pre-packaging such a journey, complete with lunch and a worn-out commentary over a bus’s sound system, would not do it justice.

As if you should have to struggle for it, get there bit by bit, by chance.

As if you should pass through the hospitable hands of many drivers, like so many gatekeepers, sharing with them the reasons for your trip over and over, gaining new angles, hearing their stories too, learning what you had in common and what you didn’t.

Also, with the Cape being the beginning of Te Araroa – a 3000-kilometre trek through the length of my country, which might take me a decade – it felt right that it should cost some work and patience to get there, and be contingent on the generosity of strangers. All of those things would be needed to get me to the other end.

When you walk through the gateway between the parking area and the path down to the very tip of the Cape, you break some kind of beam, activating a recording of beautiful, haunting Māori flutes and chants of welcome, of blessing perhaps, of warning even of the specialness of this place to its custodians.

It moved me to stand just beyond that gate and see, for the first time the furrowed seam where the Tasman Sea and Pacific Ocean meet. I’d made it to the ends, or beginnings, of my piece of earth.

The tree of love and death: Cape Rēinga to Twilight Beach (Te Araroa tramp, day 1; kms 0-12)

I got talking to a couple of Brazilians, who had recognised my Fluminense football/tramping shirt. “Ufff, que lugar,” one of them said: “Wow, what a place.”

It really is.

Cape Rēinga is a lot more than a much-photographed lighthouse.

This is Te Rerenga Wairua – the original name of Cape Rēinga. The name refers to the place where the spirits of the dead depart for the next world, in Māori cosmology.

I liked the brief, thoughtful information panels outlining various layers of meaning this “what a place” held for Māori.

One was about how the Tasman Sea and Pacific Ocean famously meet just off the Cape, in a long, seething line, a dramatic sight, like two flat avalanches colliding in slow motion.

This pic doesn’t do the meeting of the Tasman and Pacific even a skerrick of justice.

The panel described this tremendous blending of sea and ocean as symbolic of what can happen between lovers – a beautiful, but explosive encounter of equal forces, each asserting themselves fully, yet also being changed utterly by the other.

I sat a long time watching the diagonal lines of swell continuing on their contrary ways after that encounter, implacable.

(That’s the kind of dilatory thing that ends up making me tramp by moonlight).

This one captures it a bit better – the two contrary, massive currents sweeping in; their clash like a smashed road out to the horizon.

The Tasman swells somehow recomposed themselves after all the noisy splattering, and kept moving stolidly north-east.

The Pacific swells pulled themselves together too, and emerged from the swirling fracas to keep rolling purposefully south-west.

I liked another panel describing the origins of the name of nearby Spirits Bay (Kapowairua). When an ancestor was about to die, he told his loved ones that his spirit would soon pass them, heading for Cape Rēinga, where all the spirits of the dead depart this world.

When that happened, he instructed, they must do one, final, crucial thing for him:

“Catch my spirit!”

I liked the one about the ancient pōhutukawa tree, or kahika to the locals. Wizened with uncountable years, it hovers between life and death on the very edge of the rocky point below the lighthouse; it’s from this rocky point where the spirits of the dead are said to step off this world.

The ancient pōhutukawa that is said to provide a ladder from life to death is the small green speck to the right of the bare outcrop.

Their very last steps are down its gnarled roots, which grip the permanently wet, shadowed rock just above the water line.

The tree’s name, the panel said, is Te Aroha: Love – the ultimate frontier.

But it has never been known to flower – as if such sombre duties preclude ever showing off such an intense, joyful scarlet.

From just above the lighthouse I got my first view of Te Araroa – the track drops down off the Cape and onto a small beach to the south. From there, it’s another 3000 kilometres to Bluff in the southernmost tip of the South Island.

The first camp is at Twilight Beach, 12 kilometres south of the Cape.

It was harder than that distance sounds because the trail notes said the Twilight Beach DOC campsite might run short of water in midsummer, so on top of four days’ food and all my normal gear, I was carrying a two days and a night’s water – nine litres.

This boosted my pack weight well over 15 kilos, a lot for a hot hike over scrubby headlands and through soft sand.

But I got there, and there was plenty of rainwater in the campsite’s tank. And an idyll awaited: another tramper, curled up asleep in a mosquito-mesh tent, pitched so its door commanded a stupendous sea view.

Her tent looked a delicious place filled with soft sunlight, afternoon breezes and peaceful rest.

Later, over a whiskey, we chatted. She said working as a ranger on Norfolk Island was rewarding, scenic, but a bit lonely. “It’s lovely… but just so small.”

As the sun went down I sat back with a book, a liquorice tea and all that twilight: great curtains of sea mist hanging above endless combers, shot with gold.

Twilight Beach, taken from my first campsite on Te Araroa: a piece of Department of Conservation paradise about 12 kms south of Cape Reinga.

In the morning she headed north toward Spirits Bay, and I carried on south, toward 90 Mile Beach and, eventually, the rest of Aotearoa.

Sometimes, the trail emerges on the landscape, like a visible companion.

I wouldn’t meet another tramper, going either way, for nearly five more days on the trail.

I wouldn’t mind.

A long, blank canvas: above Ninety Mile Beach to Ahipara (Te Araroa tramp, days 2-4; kms 12-100)

Are beaches the best places in the universe to read and think?

That’s the claim of a Latin American writer – maybe Borges? – whose name I’ve forgotten.

Beaches are huge, blank canvasses on which we can pour out dreams, monologues and interior inquests, he or she says.

That being so, Ninety Mile Beach in New Zealand’s far north must be among the world’s premier reading-and-musing beaches.

Because, while not literally ninety miles long, it’s not far off it, and it has a mighty, beautiful blankness the like of which I’ve never felt before.

Day Two – Twilight Beach campsite to Maunganui Bluff campsite: 28km

This is how Ninety Mile Beach looks the first time you see it on the Te Araroa trail, when you reach the top of Scott Point, a few kilometres south of  Twilight Beach and Cape Maria van Diemen:

That great length of sand disappears into the horizon like a two-dimensional, horizontal cliff.

It’s even intimidating in print: nearly six pages of Te Araroa maps are nothing but beach, an almost unwavering white line drilling relentlessly down the margin, washed by a million paper combers rolling endlessly in from paper Australia.

The headland I took this pic from is an hour or so south of Twilight Beach, along sandy tracks through low scrub. My pack was lighter without all that water, but it was still a hard slog up.

But I knew it was the last climbing I’d do for a few days; after that, the beach is almost completely unbroken by ups or downs, a long, gradual, flat crescent. The only bump is Maunganui Bluff, a low outcrop 25 kilometres south of where I took this pic. There’s a stream there you can drink from; that’s where I had to get to by evening.

I was carrying four litres of water, which would only last that far.

There are creeks along the beach, but they’re tidal, or dry in midsummer, so you’d have to trek far up to get drinkable water. There are no settlements on the beach, so the only other option is to trudge a couple of hours up through scrub or farmland to the road.

The first time in my life I saw Ninety Mile Beach was from the air. I was 24, and on my way to teach English in South Korea. It was also my first time travelling further away than Australia. That massive beach curved away behind the plane, a long, golden, goodbye scarf.

It’s got its name, it’s said, because it took a pioneer three days to traverse by horse and cart; he knew the horse could do thirty miles a day, and christened the beach accordingly. But that beach has a habit of doing funny things with time, and he’d actually only managed 18 miles daily; a total of 88 kms.

If he’d been French, and less optimistic, he might have got closer – but “Ninety Kilometre Beach” doesn’t roll off so neatly.

The Māori name is more precise – Te Oneroa-a-Tōhē: the long beach of Tōhē.

Tōhē was a chief of the the Ngāti Kahu people, who has at least three lovely claims to fame.

One is the “catch my spirit” request he made of his descendants, described in a post below.

Another is that he gave names full of music and meaning to pretty much everything in this region – headlands, hills, islands, streams, beaches.

(Speaking of which: part of the potent charm of the far north is that it is an area of Aotearoa where the original Māori names, like Tōhē’s, have largely resisted the galloping nomenclature of invading Brits. So instead of honouring alien bishops, patrons and politicians of questionable honour, and with little or no connection to this beautiful place, Northland’s names tell truer stories).

The other cool thing about Tōhē is that he was, you could say, one of the first trampers.

His final act in life was to walk along this same beach, one he’d walked up and down many times, naming his world.

He knew he was dying, and wanted to do something bittersweet one more time before he died: take a last look at his treasured daughter, Rāninikura. She had married a man from down the coast.

Tōhē didn’t make it that far, reaching only the bluff I’m headed for today.

So I  salute him from Scott’s Point and dive down into that linear, salt-washed desert.

Some walkers say the long beach of Tōhē is boring; it’s just a three-day yomp down a sandy highway, they say, the scenery never changing, your circulating thoughts driving you spare, nothing to distract you from your blistering feet and jolted joints, which are nearly shaken loose by the unrelenting grind.

I couldn’t disagree more.

While that colossal blankness and fabulous spaciousness do have their demanding side, I’m with the poet Larkin on this:

Such attics cleared of me! Such absences!

Larkin would have gorged on such space, such absence

The emptiness lets you hear your real thoughts, not the habitual, scrabbling ones.

And the radical lack of anything, anywhere made by humans, and how small you are in the face of so much sand, water and sky… it seeps into you.

And you start feeling there’s no actual separation between you and the big beach.

Which is anything but repetitive; it’s endlessly changing. There’s the tide; the sun, the light, the weather, the clouds, the waves, they all do their enormous, inventive thing.

Then there’s the tidal drawings on the sand, the beach’s colour and texture, the birds, crabs, shells, fish, seaweed, the length and shade of the dune grass, the falling and rising line of the dunes, the creeks that come and go…

Yet another variation of Te-Oneroa-a-Tōhē’s endless palette

I came around a dune at one point, by a creek, to find a mob of wooly, red-coated, wild horses. They looked at me with shining eyes.

And another time I found this guy, among the dunes:



He flopped out of some flax in front of me, paused, casually boarded my held-out hand. Regarded me gravely while I took a pic. Hopped off, darted away; had shit to do.

Sometimes the beach is a sunny, bronzed highway; other times it gets grumpy, apocalyptic even:

Sometimes it’s hard to tell where the sky ends and the water starts.

Or the sand.

Or you:

Sometimes I had to pull over, dig my journal and some biltong out of my pack, and write for a while.

Or just stare at the horizon.

I’m with Borges, or whoever it was: beaches do that to you.

The only other feature to interrupt the spacious blankness of the beach, apart from Maunganui Bluff, is Matapia Island – which also appears on the first day.

It’s a mystery at first, a hazy blob. As you draw very slowly more and more abreast, over a couple of hours, it sharpens, defining itself bit by bit against all the emptiness.

It’s educating you on how to move along the curve of the earth, with the soles of your feet, your lungs, your sweat; how to dream while walking, as a dog or horse does; how to move like a part of the planet, not dislocated from it, not disdainful of the dirt and blood of it.

After a long time, you round Matapia’s shoulder, one minuscule pace at a time – your little yard, your minor metre.

Then, startled, you can see right through it – it has a hole, which you can only see from this angle.


I learned later that same hole gave it a beautiful name, one that Leonard Cohen might have liked, with his idea that

There is a crack in everything
that’s how the light gets in.

According to The Tribes of Muriwhenua: Their Origins and Stories by Dorothy Ulrich Cloher, the island was named Matapia – shining face – by Tōhē (of course). He called it that because his servant Ariki saw that hole shining through mist, and said:

The hole of a face is shining at me.

After another long time, the island is no longer beside you on the horizon, but over your shoulder; and you feel relieved that you are actually progressing down that long, golden line.

Finally, 28 kilometres from Twilight Beach, I reached the Bluff; exhausted, thirsty, thrilled by the sunset.

The campsite is run by a local trust and is pretty basic.

The water source is a pipe which directs a stream into a bathtub; the toilet is… best left undescribed.

But the twilit sea was delicious to jump into after walking all day.

And a dinner of two-minute noodles and tuna tastes amazing with the sound of the waves and the Tasman breeze.

Day Three – Maunganui Bluff campsite to Utea Park campsite (30km)

In the morning I got away early: 30 kilometres was going to test a tenderfoot like me.

The changing tide varies your day, but also toughens the challenge.

At high tide you find yourself slogging through soft sand near the dunes, or sloppy sand further down.

Some 90 Mile Beach hikers have even slept during the day and tramped by moonlight, to get the best use of the low tides. Day worked better for me, with high tides around dawn.

I daydreamed the second day away in a salty daze, watching the universe tick by, a step at a time.

My boots, cheap ones I’d hoped would get me through one more tramp, were not up to the task; I had bad blisters already. I did long sections barefoot; it was especially good at higher tides, sploshing along in the foamy wash.

Your analytical mind switches off, and you think and feel and live with your whole being, as it steps along the broad wet sweep of the world.

I thought about all kinds of things. You have time, and space, and fresh air, to do a lot of considering, remembering, digesting, feeling. Things you shut away a long time ago can surface; you can watch them emerge, and take them in.

Meanwhile, your feet and legs and arms attached to walking poles keep steaming away, finding a rhythm.

It’s a really incredible way to spend a day.

But nearing nightfall, my feet were throbbing, and my shoulders under the pack, and my mind. I was out of water. I’d had enough, had been walking for 12 hours, and was hanging on, searching for some sign of Utea Park campsite.

Then I saw this ragged green flag appear above the dunes:

I stumbled wearily up through the soft sand; young people in jandals and sunglasses started appearing, watching the sunset, drinking beer.

An English couple sitting arm-in-arm beneath a dune pointed me up a sandy track.

A cluster of quaint wooden cabins appeared, some vans and tents, a communal kitchen from which poured music, chatter, the smell of seafood cooking.

I flopped onto a seat, shattered, happy. An older, bearded guy waved from the balcony of his cabin: “Oho! We have a walker.”

He came over a put a cold beer in my hand. “Good trip?”

Two German backpackers, Flo and Eva, joined us. They were fascinated by Te Araroa too. “What’s it like?”

They gave me a big plate of steamed tuatua – a delicious shellfish you can dig from the beach here; a specialty of Utea Park.

The proprietor Tania, who belongs to the local iwi, teaches campers how to find them; the camp’s driveway is paved with their crunchy shells.

The older guy, a retired Canadian sailor, kept plying me with Steinlager, and Flo and Eva with tuatua. Tania came over for a yarn too, and the English couple from the beach. It was a very still, mild night; the stars came out above Utea, Tania’s ancestral hill, which rises whale-like among the dunes beside the camp.

I hadn’t moved since I arrived; I was happy, full, and charmed by the company and the setting, and thought I might never move again.

We talked til after midnight. Then I had a hot shower that just about made me weep with pleasure, fell into one of the cabins, and passed out as if shot.

 Day Four – Utea Park to Ahipara (31km)

With hindsight, I wish I’d just walked to the next campsite, Waipapakauri, 17km down the beach – I was shot to pieces by this stage and could have done with an easy day.

Instead I pushed through to Ahipara, another 14km further on, and ended up putting in about a 14-hour day on my blistered, throbbing feet. I’m not sure what I was trying to prove, or to whom.

One factor in the decision to keep going was probably this notable change in the view, which emerged soon after leaving Utea Park:

It’s the end of Ninety Mile Beach – the headland beyond Ahipara, the finish line, the seductive sign that you’ve made it down that immense stretch of space, of absence.

It drew me on, beguiling me into keeping plodding when I had nothing left.

Closer now to civilisation, there were more fishermen, appearing in utes or simply standing in the surf, contemplating absence perhaps, or dreaming of snapper.

Occasionally farmers drive by too – the beach is a legal road, and the locals use it to shoot up and down between paddocks or to commute into Kaitaia or Ahipara.

The most incongruous traffic, though, is the tour buses. You’re wombling along in a dreamy, contented, painful blur, when you become aware of a mechanical keening, a diesel hum; you whip around, lest you become road kill, and see the juggernaut in the vast distance, a mirage wobbling between sea and sky.

The bus grows bigger, til it rockets past, tourists faces white blobs against the glass or facing the front, indifferent, earbuds in.

As the metal box diminishes I trudge on, thinking that my way hurts more, but I like it better.

When I neared Ahipara I saw the “standing fire” sunset in the exhausted, thirsty, semi-delirious state described in a post below.

But by the time I got to the sandy ramp up into the town itself it was dark, and I found my way up the ramp by torchlight.

Staggering out onto the road I passed a parked carload of teenage girls, who appeared to be watching the moon rise over the sea while hot-boxing. One wound down a window, and a fragrant cloud emerged.

“Tēnā koe, e hoa,” she said. “Where have you come from?”

The Cape, I said, swaying. “Oh, true? Mean, bro. How long did that take?”

Three and a half days, I said, forcing my tongue to move in my dry mouth. “Oh, good one, bro. They usually take a bit longer.”

I felt ludicrously proud.

Another one leaned passed her friend. “Kia ora, matua,” she said.

At this term of respect for an elder I felt both touched and dismayed. Are my whiskers that white?

But mostly touched.

I thanked them and tottered on; after 14 hours and 31 kilometres, the extra kilometre to the YHA campsite seemed an exaggerated torture.

Finally I made it. It was nearly 10pm. I went to the communal reception and dining area, which was full of light, and families and couples dining, playing cards or drinking. I imagined the sensation I was about to make, covered in sand, salt and sweat, bearded and battered, exotically burdened, many miles of empty sea filling my eyes.

But when I walked in, barely a head bobbed; and those that did went straight back to their cards or steaming cups.

No-one cared I’d just walked 100 kilometres.

But that was OK.

Soon I was crawling into an upper bunk, ecstatic to be horizontal. Drifting off, my mind’s eye was full of that immense canvas that was now, for me, anything but blank.

Two fierce forests: Ahipara to Mangamuka (Te Araroa tramp, days 5-8; kms 100-161)

I spent my first rest day on the Te Araroa trail lying in the sun, eating biscuits, grinning with relief at being horizontal, and reading the Murakami novel I’d lugged from the Cape.

A decent book is the one heavy luxury I’ll put up with lugging.

Having had a good hiding from Ninety Mile Beach, I rested up at the Ahipara YHA for three nights.

On the second afternoon I pulled myself together enough for a short hitch-hike into Kaitaia to buy some new boots. I also needed to resupply at the supermarket with noodles, biltong, almonds, peanut butter, tuna, dehydrated peas and the rest of my tramping menu.

(I’ve put a bit of thought and research into the menu; it’s long on fuel-rich fat and protein, and short on weight. Carrying your house on your back teaches you to respect every gram. And you can always vary the spartan diet every few days when you reach a town.)

Walking to the edge of Ahipara (which has neither boots shop nor supermarket) I came to a health clinic, its door open to the sunny morning. A lovely nurse with ancient roots in that district bandaged my blisters, and told me how much she’d relished moving home to look after her people.

After that, I got a ride just as fat rain began to splat on the hot seal. A young couple had burned past, braked, swung back in a u-turn; an arm had reached back to open the back door. “We decided we couldn’t leave you there, with the rain starting,” the freckled, red-headed woman grinned.

Kaitaia is a bit of an anomaly. It’s the main town in the far north, a region with two spectacular coasts, defined by its touching slenderness in the midst of all that water. But you can’t see the sea from Kaitaia, nor even smell nor hear it. It feels utterly inland.

Still, it has its own gritty, unpretentious charm. And the Hunting & Fishing shop sold me some fairly decent boots for a good price. “They’re not the greatest of boots,” the clerk confided. “But they’ll get you through those forests.”

The Northland Forests is the title of the next stretch in the Te Araroa trail notes.

After heading pretty much due south for its first 100kms, from Cape Reinga to Ahipara, the trail strikes off west for the next hundred or so, straight across the island to Kerikeri.

It links DOC tracks, a new track built by the Te Araroa trust, farmland, forestry roads, back-country gravel roads and a short stretch of State Highway 1.

And three forests: Herekino, Raetea, and Omahuta-Puketi.

I walked back into the YHA dorm with my shopping bags, and began, somewhat wistfully, to prepare a packet dinner in the shared kitchen. I’d run out of time to have a better meal in town.

But then I got chatting with the some other travellers; they loved the idea of Te Araroa. “Want some fresh snapper?” asked one. “Caught it this afternoon.”

I sure bloody did.

“Want some rockmelon, pineapple and watermelon?” asked another. “Bought it this morning.”

Oh, hell yes. This type of thing (strangers being lovely to you, because you’re doing A Cool  and Arduous Thing) is known in the long-distance hiking community as “trail magic”.

And it can be so sweet.

Day 5: Ahipara to campsite by stream near end of Herekino forest – 18km 

I got away at dawn, my feet much better with their new tyres, my walking poles plinking pleasantly on the tar seal past the school out of town.

At the school, a mural seemed to sum up a possible point of walking the length of NZ (as if you’d need a point):

This is a bit like “Tama tu tama ora, tama noho tama mate” – in my loose translation: those who stand up live; those who sit around die.

It took me two or three hours to wind my way up into the bush-covered hills south-east of Ahipara. At the top of the hill there’s a saddle, where the road carries on towards Hokianga.

On my way up I passed an elderly couple sitting in an little, old cottage; they were getting ready for their day. He was sitting at the kitchen table in a checked flannel shirt and a patch of sunlight, staring at a newspaper; she was in the next room, wearing a shawl and an old-fashioned dress, making a cup of tea. As I walked by, she went out of view, reappeared in the room he was in, and put down the tea; he looked her in the eyes and gave her a wordless, crinkly grin. They didn’t see me go by.

The track strikes off from the saddle, and you are into the first of the three Northland forests: Herekino.

It’s a delight to feel the familiar, dark green leaves close over you, and the roots and mud under your boots, after those hard-boiled beach days.

Soon you come to a grove of huge, ancient kauri.


These are a special tree for Kiwis, and Northlanders in particular. They can live up to 2000 years, and reach a height of 40 metres and a diameter of four metres, or more. Awesome groves of these giants used to cover much of the north.

Māori revered them as the king of the forest, because they tower above all others; Europeans valued them too, for shipbuilding especially, and bowled just about the lot.

Māori skittled a few, too, mainly for waka; but there’s no doubt they did it a lot more sustainably, that is, with a lot less crazed, mechanical abandon.

There are only remnants now, like the Herekino one. But they don’t lose much power for being remnants.

It’s not often you stand next to such a genuinely colossal living thing. It’s like swanning along in the sun-dappled bush, only to suddenly find yourself in the presence of a silent, silvery whale, standing on her tail, surveying the axe-bludgeoned world.

The track weaves on through the damp bush, torn up in places by wild pigs looking for roots and maybe native snails – the partly-chomped black whorls of their huge shells appear sometimes beside the rucked-up earth.

You go along an old forestry road for a while, dating back to the kauri felling days; old forester’s huts are mouldering into the wilderness along the track, ghostly and wistful, lost.

About 10km from the road there’s a creek, and the map said there was no more water for a good while, so I decided to camp – 18km would do for today. Just then fat drops of summer rain began to plop around me, and soon it was a deluge.

At this point not having a proper tent began to seem a mistake; for pack-weight reasons, I’d only brought a bivvy-bag. They keep you dry (supposedly) in your sleeping bag, but have no room for relaxing out of the rain, getting changed, sitting up, cooking food in the open tent door, or anything other than sleeping.

But I soon found a partly-propped up fallen tree which offered rough shelter. I set up my sleeping gear, then sat under the thick, horizontal trunk. I cooked my noodles and biltong, read Murakami for a bit, and watched the sheets of rain-water slide and tumble forcefully over everything.

A fallen log made my bivvy-bag a bit more habitable in the Herekino forest. This is the morning after, when the deluge had stopped and I’d packed up my sodden gear.

In the middle of the night, in deep, teeming darkness, I woke up gasping, with a savage headache. I realised I was not far off suffocating; my bag had a design fault meaning you had to leave it partly unzipped, or run out of air. But when it was unzipped, drops rattled on my face, and water pooled under my sleeping bag.

There was no way around it – I was wet, but it was a mild night. I would just have to try to get through it, and hopefully dry out in the morning. I checked that my phone, book and other valuables were in sealed ziplock bags; slurped some water and drifted back off.

Day 6: End of Herekino Forest to start of Raetea forest – 17.5km

In the morning, the rain had stopped but everything squished – my clothes, boots, sleeping bag, pack. It would be an uncomfortable start, but I’d sealed up food and a few other things that had to stay dry, so it was no real problem. I munched crackers and nutella and watched the bush steam in the early sun.

The track ramped immediately up the side of the first real peak of Te Araroa: Taumatamahoe. There’s views of Ninety Mile Beach – so satisfying, to look back and see all the ground you’ve covered on your own two, stumpy, little, hobbit legs:

Pretty sure this is looking down toward Ahipara and Ninety Mile Beach from Taumatamahoe peak, in the Herekino forest. I took a lot of snaps up there, all featuring variations on green hills and blue sea…

There were also glimpses of Kaitaia, and the peninsula narrowing off north, toward Rēinga:

Kaitaia, from the Herekino forest

Once over Taumatamahoe you slip and slide down a steep, muddy, rooty track, and soon pop out onto farmland. There’s a hut right beside the track an enterprising farmer has put up for trampers; the Te Araroa track notes have the details. Had I known how close it was I probably would have pushed on to it last night.

Then you’re onto sinuous, back-country gravel roads for a while. I grew to enjoy these on Te Araroa; for a start they remind me of where I grew up, way out the back of Dannevirke. Secondly they’re generally lined with lovely bush, or farmland; and finally you often meet cool locals on or around them.

Around lunchtime I reached a locked gate into a forestry block; the Te Araroa trust has negotiated permission to send the route across it, via private logging roads.

I hung all my gear on the gate in the hot sun, sat in the rays with my shirt off, boiled the billy and had a delicious, peaceful lunch and coffee.

This bush laundry pic shows all my kit for a 7-day, 160km walk – probably weighed about 10kg, excluding food and water. Note high-tech dry bags (rubbish bags from Pak n Save)

Past the gate and down the hill, I was kneeling to fill my Camel-Bak in the stream, my mind a million miles away, when a voice startled the plaque out of me. It was a German tramper, doing a bit of Te Araroa in the opposite direction. We had a nice chat, mainly about our water purification strategies; I use tablets, he a kind of filter you attach to your bottle and drink through.

He was loving the walk, he said, but wasn’t sure about the roads and forestry blocks: “I did not anticipate this.” Also he had thought there would be a shop at the trail head, near Kerikeri, so had hitched out to it with no food: “There would be a store there, in Germany.”

Luckily, some generous trampers shared their supplies with him; then after the first forest (which will be my third) the kind lady at the Mangamuka dairy let him tick up a burger, milkshake and more supplies. “She said I can transfer her the money when I get internet,” he said, smiling in wonder. “She was so trusting. You gonna love that dairy.”

“Yeah, I’ve read about it,” I said. The Mangamuka dairy is one of many little businesses along the trail that have become legendary among walkers, for kindnesses big and small.

We parted ways and I strolled on in the sun. I didn’t mind the forestry block.

Exotic forest seen from native bush, somewhere between Ahipara and Mangamuka.

Sure, there’s sometimes timber carnage all around – stripped, smashed trunks like naked limbs, piles of jumbled needly twiggy rubbish, scarred dirt in great bald mounds. But you’re generally still surrounded by trees, hills, clean air and silence; and you’re still picking your way peacefully over the flanks, curves and ribs of the Earth.

Another long gravel road section follows.

I like quiet, bush-lined back-country roads.

The highlight of this bit for me was a seemingly abandoned farm, with a sturdy old farmhouse, wool-shed, yards, fences and paddocks; all of it gradually succumbing to the exuberant bush. At the top of it, the homestead commanded a superb outlook down towards the Hokianga. All that dreaming, scheming and working, and now no-one was sitting with their feet up on the veranda rail in the afternoon sun to enjoy the view.

After the small settlement of Takahue I just had a late afternoon schlepp for a few kilometres up the gravel road alongside the Takahue River; when the road crossed the river to enter the Raetea Forest, that’s where I’d camp. But first, two experiences of Takahue hospitality.

A car barrelled past, raising a dusty cloud, then braked and reversed; I stood by, surprised, as the back window was lowered. A young guy held out a cold beer: “Here you go mate. We couldn’t just drive by and watch you walk along in this heat.”

Soon after, a car going the opposite way did the same manoeuvre. When it drew back level with me, a frantic, busy, electric face thrust itself out the driver’s window. It was another young man, this one alone, and with some kind of unique way of being in the world.

“Listen. On April 1, the clocks go back an hour. One, hour, OK? You have to change, change, just do it, it’s daylight saving, that’s what it’s called. People don’t know. I mean people from other countries. They don’t, they don’t, they might miss their planes. One, hour, back, OK? In six weeks, OK? One hour. OK. Thought you should know.”

I eventually convinced him I would change my clocks, and he nodded, gave me one more hard, urgent look, dropped his clutch and blasted off.

It was getting late when the Takahue Saddle Road entered fragrant bush. I found a quiet place beside the creek, set up my bag, had a swim.

The noodles were especially delicious with the cold beer.


Day seven: Raetea forest. 17.5kms

After breakfast in my hollow, I filled up my bottles, knowing this would be the last water until evening. The whole day would be along a bush-covered ridgeline, where creeks don’t flow.

The Takahue Saddle Road soon peters out into an increasingly rough four-wheel-drive track, then foot-track. It used to go all the way over the Raetea range from Takahue to a settlement called Broadwood; but rampant bush, time, and weather have cut them off.

On the way up there’s some kind of monastery or retreat; colourful prayer flags flutter.

At the top there’s a saddle, from which what’s left of the old road drops down toward Broadwood. To the south there are views towards the Hokianga harbour, and to the north the early-morning mist filled a bay:


Rataea forest gets a hammering from trampers in on-line forums for being an extremely long, tough and muddy day, and that’s a pretty accurate summary. It has to be long, because of the lack of water; you’d be mad to carry a night’s worth of water all the way up there. So you have to keep slogging.

And it is a slog, because of the ridge’s serrated profile. You’re constantly climbing little peaks, then dropping quite steeply down – which can be just as hard on your legs with a heavy pack – only to have to struggle up another sharp climb. You’re almost never just bowling along a nice flat.

Also, it’s a proper tramping track – not benched, gravelled, or stepped, nor always well cleared of foliage; you’ve only got the footpad of previous walkers to go by, and occasionally not even that.

And it is definitely muddy, although I think I got off pretty lightly, with only a day of recent rain – after a wet week or two, it would be a bog.

On top of all that, because its higher than anywhere else in Northland, the ridge can be very windy and rainy (I was lucky enough to get a sunny, if muggy day).

Often, you wonder what the hell you’re putting yourself through it for.

But for all that, I revelled in it. You’re in seriously rugged, wild back country, with big mature bush all around, a long way from any road, house, or comfortable nicety of civilisation. It’s just you, your will, the mountains, and the trees.

To me, that’s proper tramping.

Graffiti on a couple of sign posts gave me the feeling some Te Araroa trampers get a bit of a shock to find themselves in such a brutal scramble:


“There is an end somewhere… hopefully,” wrote “Monkey King” (trail nicknames are a thing on long-distance hikes around the world).

“Fucking Raetea,” wrote a tramper with a less lyrical bent.

“I hate Raetea!” another fairly literal person said.

“Love/hate relationships are the very best ones!” responded someone.

But my favourite take was from Regan and Kupu:

“Tēnā koe Tāne, inā tō mana,” they wrote – a respectful greeting to Tāne, the god of the forests; then a phrase which I think means something like: how mighty you are (corrections welcome).

“Everyone else – Raetea is bigger than we are. Be nice.”

And as you battle on, on and on over the interminable peaks and troughs, there are plenty of moments of sheer beauty to keep you going:

A droplet of sun in the delicious darkness that is Raetea forest.

First you go over an unnamed 580m peak, then later, the 744m Raetea summit – the highest in Northland.

Up there, looking out over the dark, sunlit bush, I switched on my phone, and the whole trip changed.

There was a message from my Dad: his brother, my uncle, had died that last night.

I’d happened to wake up at 4am; I lay on my back in the crisp dark, looking up at millions of stars overhead.

Around that very moment, I now learned, my uncle had died – he’d been sick for a long while, and his faithful ticker had finally stopped.

I sat on that sun-drenched mountain top, looked across the island, and told my Dad how sorry I was for his loss.

“Me too, mate,” he said. “It’s the end of a long friendship.”

The view from the top of Raetea peak.

They gave me the funeral details and told me not to worry if I couldn’t make it – it would be a big trip back from the top of Raetea to a church in Dannevirke, and I only had a few days. I said I’d think about it, and let them know.

As I trekked along that endless ridge, I had plenty of time to digest the news, and decide what to do.

I’d been planning to get all the way through the third forest, Omahuta-Puketi, and another two days’ walk to Paihia, where I’d left my car; but that wouldn’t give me enough time to make the funeral.

I thought about my sporty, practical, strong-willed uncle, who lived a long, adventurous life featuring many travels and tramps.

How much he’d have loved this walk; and how much he’d probably appreciate me finding out about his death, and thinking over his life, in a place like this.

I thought about how much Dad would miss him: his only brother, his last surviving immediate relative.

I knew I had to be at the funeral. Te Araroa would wait.

I’d walk to the nearest road, which was soon after the end of the Raetea forest, and hitch back to Paihia, and drive home.

The track got rougher still as the afternoon lengthened; slowly I ground along. I got lost a while, when the track seemed to fade into the thick bush. Soon after, I gained a 638m summit, the sonorously-named Kumetewhiwhia.

The similarly musical, equally nasty Umaumakaroro (445m) tantalised me for an hour or two, before I finally dragged the bastard in and put it in my great, big, invisible bag of international peaks.

An excellent thing about summer tramping is daylight saving; the long, sultry evenings make it easier to finish long days like Raetea before nightfall.

The downside for someone of a dreamy disposition, like me, is you tend to think you’ve got plenty of time, there’s no rush; before you know it, it’s 9pm, and the night is closing in.

This happened just as I left the bush and emerged onto farmland. Now you might think it would be straightforward walking across open pasture; but Kiwi hill country farms are often rugged, slippery, lumpy affairs where the lie of the land is hard to read, and where passing stock have chopped up its surface.

I was aiming to camp by a bush-lined creek beside the gravel road from the bottom of the hilly farm to State Highway 1. But as it got darker and darker I was having trouble seeing the orange markers, nailed occasionally to posts or trees.

Soon I was picking them up by torchlight; then I lost them completely.

Around this time I stopped for a bhuja-mix break. I was startled as I munched by what I’m pretty sure was a kiwi calling, in the bush that ran down to the edge of the ridge. A warbling gargle – something like the sound the old dial-up broadband – then a plaintive, rending “kiii-wiiii” cry, that raised my neck-hairs.

One of the last friendly orange markers I saw before night fell.

According to the GPS route on my cellphone, I was still on Te Araroa; but there were no more orange markers, and I seemed to be just lurching over open paddocks. I decided to keep going until I hit a creek which, my GPS, compass and paper maps said should be straight ahead. Then I’d have water, and could camp.

The creek was in a steep, bush-choked gully; I scrambled down to filled my bottles. I had a moment’s doubt whether the stream was clean enough, even with my purification tablets – it had passed through all that grazing land.

Then I saw two bright, unblinking eyes reflecting back my torchlight: it was a large koura, a freshwater crayfish, its body looking silvery and translucent, and its antennae sinuous in the current. If that pool was clean enough for a shiny koura, it was good enough for me.

Where the farmland met the gully I found a flat spot under a mature totara. It had been a long, hard, and emotional day. I ate my noodles, drank my liquorice tea and drifted off to the sound of possums chattering, and the creek trickling.


My last campsite on my first leg of Te Araroa, the morning after.

Day 8 – about 8km, bottom of Raetea forest to Mangamuka dairy.

In the morning I had a wash in the creek and found my way down to the gravel road. Then it was a 6.5km schlepp along State Highway 1’s hard tar seal, with my thumb out.

No-one stopped, but that was good because I got to see the Mangamuka valley on foot, which is the best way, with its marae, school, church, farm houses and signs in te reo Māori:

All dogs can kill Kiwi. Where’s your dog?

It also meant I got to  finish this leg of Te Araroa at the famous Mangamuka Dairy. I could celebrate 161kms with a huge burger and milkshake; and it would be a perfect place to start again next time.

There’s a junction just after the dairy, so I had more traffic when I started hitching again; a shirtless forestry worker in a ute soon stopped.

A beer in one hand, elbow out the window, he told me he’d done a morning’s work near the Hokianga and was going home to Kaikohe. He was only going to take me to the turnoff for Paihia, but when he heard why I was heading home, he went an hour out of his way to drop me all the way back to my car.

He waved away my thanks: “You’ve got to be there for your old man, bro. And your uncle.”

In Paihia, my car was waiting patiently. I had a swim, then drove back south to say goodbye to Uncle Mike.

Bleeding tree to storied bay: Mangamuka to Russell Forest (Te Araroa tramp, days 9-14; kms 161-270)

The next time I found myself back on Te Araroa, July 2017, winter had come – inasmuch as it ever comes to the gentle north.

This time I had a companion for the first week or so; she was stoked to be having her first taste of Te Araroa.

We left my car in Waipu and my old friend Nick dropped us at the dairy I’d reached last time.

Day 9 – Mangamuka dairy to Apple Dam campsite: 12km.

To get into the Omahuta-Puketi forest you have to walk up some gravel roads.

Now, some Te Araroa walkers organise rides for these connecting road sections, which do crop up fairly often; and Nick did offer. But I’m determined to walk every step of Aotearoa, even if I’m 100 when I shamble into Bluff.

And it was a nice way to start this stint. Omahuta-Puketi is pretty demanding, as it takes two full days to get through, and there’s a long section of creek-wading that’s too dangerous to attempt after recent rain.

So it was good to begin with a gentle saunter along sunny gravel roads through farmland and regenerating bush.

By early afternoon we’d dropped down into a sheltered spot known as Apple Dam campsite. We put up our tent and made the acquaintance of a chorus of native birds – kereru, tui, bellbirds and this guy.

A white-chested miromiro or tomtit kept popping up to keep us company.

Day 10 – Apple Dam to Pukatea Ridge Track. 12 km.

In the morning we followed four-wheel-drive tracks to a a long, grassy ridge, which took us down into a long canyon formed by the Mangapukahukahu stream.

The weather had been pretty clear, so on we strode.

It’s delightful to splosh along from pool to pool, the thick, cool bush all-enveloping on every side, unspoiled even by a track, nor markers.

It’s usually around ankle to knee deep, and occasionally up to thighs or waist.

After a few kilometres we reached a junction with the deeper, swifter Waipapa River, and stopped for lunch on the warm, grey river stones.

Then a track takes you on a scrambly, muddy sideways sidle along the Waipapa’s steep bank to the foot of the Pukatea Ridge.

The trail notes ask trampers to try to avoid camping anywhere in the forest except Apple Dam; but that would have made today a rugged, 25-kilometre epic, which was beyond us.

Now that it was winter there were only 10 hours or so of daylight, and it was getting dark already.

So we camped there, in a silent, stately grove beside the Waipapa. I had a fantastic evening dip in the very clean, very chilly river while my trail buddy giggled at my frozen shrieks.

Day 11 – Pukatea Ridge Track to Puketi Rd-Waiare Rd junction. About 18km.

We were both fairly creaky in the morning. One of the drawbacks of section-hiking a long-distance trail, is that every time you start a new section, you have to get trail-fit again.

And sleeping on a thin mat on a forest floor in winter makes your creakier.

But we downed coffee and peanut butter, and ploughed on up the narrow ridge through the high, sighing, silvery trees.

On the way up we found the skeleton of a large tree, just a dead, rotting trunk; it had been killed, completely suffocated by two huge creepers-turned-trunks, that had grown up around it, creating a living exo-skeleton for a dead host.

In the sap-filled bark of one of the blended stranglers, someone had carved a single, redolent word:


At the top of the ridge we came out onto Pirau Ridge Road; we bowled along in the balmy winter day for 9km, talking about everything under the sun and meeting the occasional cyclist or hunter.

Finally we reached the Puketi Forest Headquarters, where there’s a DOC campsite and hut. It was only mid-afternoon, so we filled up with water and pressed on; we hoped to get to a secluded spot to camp further down toward Kerikeri.

The route over farmland towards that spot was closed for lambing; we’d have to take a detour via gravel roads.

We went as far as daylight allowed and put up our tent on the grassy roadside. We ate, had a hot drink, and crawled into our sleeping bags as rain began to pour.

Day 12 – Puketi Rd-Waiare Rd junction to Kerikeri. About 20km.

A long, rainy day of road-slogging awaited. It was gravel, which is easier on your joints and feet than tar-seal; but it’s still punishing, and can be a bit boring – especially in the rain.

But it’s all part of the journey, and we still had plenty to yak about, and on we trekked.

Finally the Puketotara Road joins the main road into Kerikeri. Then a lovely undulating trail leads you off that, along the Kerikeri river, past houses and farmland and finally through luxuriant native bush to the full-throated Rainbow Falls:


We’d reached the Bay of Islands: one of the country’s biggest tourist draw-cards, as well as a historical touchstone. It was the site of some of the first sustained interactions between Māori and Pākehā, especially missionaries.

It was here the Treaty of Waitangi, the country’s foundational document, was signed.

Appropriately enough, we booked a room at the Hone Heke Hostel in Kerikeri’s town centre. Heke is arguably the emblematic Bay of Islands character, a thoughtful man of action, shaken out of his missionary education by his frustration with Pākehā encroachment on Māori land, self-determination and freedom. He responded by repeatedly chopping down the main local flagpole, no matter how they tried to defend it, because it flaunted the “Butcher’s Apron”: the Union Jack.

He got hunted for it, but it was a beautifully simple, eloquent piece of direct action which still resonates loudly down the years.

After checking in to the Hone Heke we went out for beer and burgers, joyfully devouring them like starving trail-beasts.

Our tent, sleeping bags, clothes and everything was pretty wet, but dried off overnight in front of the hostel’s log fire.

Day 13 – Kerikeri to Paihia: 23km.

As we pushed on toward Paihia in the morning, a thunderstorm rolled through and we got briefly pelted with heavy hail stones. But soon it cleared, and then we were under the protective canopy of a pine forest.

A carpet of rust-coloured needles muffled the forestry road that drew us slowly up and over the ridge between the towns; occasionally there was a flash of blue from the bay below.

We didn’t actually find it, but up here somewhere there’s a stone marking the opening of the first section of Te Araroa track, in 2014. We were too tired right then for a detour, but I would have liked to have seen it, because it involves poetry.

The trail notes say it has these lovely lines on it, from the great A.R.D. Fairburn’s poem, “To  a Friend in the Wilderness”:

I could be happy, in blue and fortunate weather,
Roaming the country between you and the sun.

We came out in the afternoon to a golden view – here it was at last, the actual bay of the Bay of Islands:

Waitangi and Paihia from Mt Bledisloe.

Then the trail led us down to Waitangi, which in my opinion is the most important place in Aotearoa/New Zealand.

Te Araroa goes right by the Treaty Grounds where, every year, this country celebrates being formed not through a brutal war of independence, nor through a violent genocide, but through a dialogue, and a document – albeit an imperfect document, and at times a dishonoured one.

(And not to say there wasn’t violence and brutality, both before and after the Treaty was signed, particularly from the colonisers; Te Araroa takes walkers right past some of its bloodiest sites, as I’ll blog about later).

It’s a difficult document, the Treaty of partnership between Māori and Pākehā signed in1840. It forces us, if we take it with any kind of seriousness, to ask ourselves uncomfortable questions, not just on Waiting Day but every day – that’s if we want to be a decent, grown-up community. But I reckon that’s part of what makes a unique document, and a potentially powerful one, and one worth celebrating.

That’s what was on my mind as we marched along past the Treaty grounds in the dark of the midwinter evening, towards the lights of Paihia.

Soon you cross a bridge, and then you’ve got the long white waves on the sandy beach for company as you plod into town.

We booked into the YHA and headed out, ravenous again, for pizzas and beer. We ate and drank on a wooden platform under a pōhutukawa, overlooking the soft-sighing surf and the lights of the yachts as they lay quiet on the dark harbour.

Munching, we saw a large man with a box of Double Browns under his arm lurch towards us. Here we go, we thought. But all he said was: “Aha, very good, hello, hello. How’s it all going here, then?”

We said it was all going very fine, thank you, and he nodded slowly, contentedly, surveying us and beaming. Then he turned away with a gentle lurch to wait for his friend, who was emerging from a bush and jogging to catch up,  buttoning his fly; somewhat awkwardly, given he also carried a box of “dough-bros”.

As they walked away we heard the first bloke, big, bluff and amused by life, resume the conversation the other’s piss in the bushes had presumably interrupted: “So. Tell me everything I need to know about your sister.”

Day 14 – Paihia to Russell Forest, 23km. 

In the morning we had a well-earned sleep-in; we were kayaking the next bit, and the tides called for a midday start.

We resupplied at the Paihia supermarket, and took the ferry over to Russell – where Heke chopped his way into legend – to get a gas cylinder for my camping stove from Hammer Hardware.

Then we went down to the Paihia beach with our packs to meet Dan from Bay Beach Hire. This firm have an agreement to rent sea kayaks to Te Araroa trampers for the stretch down the Waikare inlet, saving us a long road slog.

They take your pack down to the end of the inlet, close to an hour’s drive away, and swap it for the kayak.

From memory it cost about $100, which I thought was pretty good value.

We climbed aboard our red tandem kayak and headed out into the beautiful bay.

You get a sea-level view of some amazing baches, some palatial, some quaint and rustic; also thousands of yachts, and secluded islands.


We had a picnic lunch on a beach on the way, and a cruise through some mangroves; watched the sinking sun make the water gleam.


Dan keeps in contact with you via cell phone; and when you pass a certain point he sets off to pick you up.

Waikare is isolated, almost otherworldly in its remote stillness. There’s a muddy boat ramp beside a cattle yards; and a gravel road disappearing into steep, bushy hills.

It was the end of the road for my lovely companion. She was going back to Paihia with Dan and the kayaks, and then back to Wellington in the morning. I had more time off, and was carrying on for another two weeks.

It was strange and a little sad to find myself suddenly alone as the car disappeared into the silent dusk.

There was nothing else to do, though, but step off up the darkening road.

Where the gravel ends there’s a ford over a river; I went another k or so on the deteriorating track, then found a flat spot in a grove of ponga trees, and set up my little tent.

We’d done 100km in six days. Russell Forest breathed around me.